Laboratory for Systems, Instrumentation and Modeling in Science and Technology for Space and the Environment (SIM)

The ICSEO (Astronomy & Instrumentation) and CCIAM (Climate Change) groups have moved to new Centers:

ICSEO members are now the SIM-group at CENTRA.

Wiki page for SIM-CENTRA technical activities.

CCIAM main page



The Laboratory for Systems, Instrumentation and Modeling in Science and Technology for Space and the Environment (SIM), is a research center established in 2003, associated with the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon (FCUL) and funded by "Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia" thought its "Programa de Financiamento Plurianual".

The SIM laboratory had two research groups (ICSEO and CCIAM) that includes researchers from the University of Lisbon and the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto (FEUP) that provide the facilities, infrastructure and technical collaboration to accomplish our research goals.


ICSEO originated from of the development of CAMCAO, an infrared camera for demonstrating the feasibility of multi-conjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) systems. The camera was totally developed in Portugal under the coordination of what became ICSEO. It was part of a larger European collaboration for developing the first MCAO system for the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT).
ICSEO expertise in instrumentation (mechanics, vacuum, cryogenics, optics, electronics) is now deployed in two major projects: the GRAVITY acquisition camera for the VLTI and the space project MAGDRIVE. ICSEO is also developing the opto-mechanics that will deliver the light of the 4 VLT telescopes to the ESPRESSO spectrograph.

Our expertise in data analysis and the in-house computing infrastructure created the momentum for joining the Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC) for the ESA Gaia mission. We also undertake signal processing activities related to image reconstruction in optical interferometry and PSF estimation in adaptive optics systems.
In astrophysics our focus is on Galactic astrophysics, namely on star and planet formation, stellar clusters, stellar variability and on the structure and evolution of the Milky Way.

We conduct interface research between climate and space. Highlights include participation in the CLOUD experiment and EARTHSHINE project as well as the development of sophisticated visualization tools.


CC-IAM has been involved in several projects in the domains of climate change impact assessment, adaptation and mitigation strategies and development of downscaled climate scenarios.
The group brings together scientists from several disciplines who conduct trans-disciplinary research on both a national and international level.

The group’s objectives fall within five main domains: